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A Celebration Of Gurmukhi.

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Continued from Celebration 13 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37214

Some 'Durlab' paintings

a late 18th century pahari brush drawing from the workshop of Nainsukh - Guru Nanak Sahib with an opened Pothi Sahib - on a slok from Sukhmani Sahib - 'Gian Anjan Gur Diya Agian Andher Binaas'



Sri Japji Sahib







An embroidered Japji Sahib



Continued in Celebration 15 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37216

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Continued from Celebration 14 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37215

Learning Gurmukhi

Santhia / Paath Bodh



Adorable pictures from the Punjabi School, Nanakana Sahib, Pakistan. How blessed are these girls to walk on the same ground walked on by Guru Nanak Sahib , to go to school where Guru Sahib went to school. The pictures remind me of 'calendar' prints which depict Guru Nanak Sahib at School , also with 'fatti' in hand. The 'dawat' in the girl's hand also reminds me of my own time at Gurdwara Punjabi school - being kids growing up in England, we didn't know what a 'dawat' was - but the 'kaidey' books we used to learn the 'Penti' (Oora Aira,) always had 'Daddaa Dawat' - in the same way, despite being from pendu Jatt zamindaar families, none of us knew that 'thaththaa thann' referred to a cows udders !!!



Guru Nanak at school


Mural from the Baba Atal Tower


'Dawat and Thann'


Talking of Calendar prints here is one of my favourites as a child - 'Waheguru Naam Jahaaz He - Charey so utharey paar'


The lost art of writing letters

Growing up I remember the utter joy on my parents' faces when they received those blue airmail letters from family in Punjab - nowadays no one sends letters, I still remember wonderfully penned letters sent by my mother's family - written in hard to decipher larivaar gurmukhi.

I remember being about 7 and asking my Mum - how come no one sends me any Punjabi letters. She wrote one and posted it to me - I still have it - here it is ;


Here is a letter sent by Awtar Singh Johal of Coventry in 1950 - it is written in verse (dohra) - describing his journey to England by ship, to his wife in Punjab



Continued in Celebration 16 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37217

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Continued from Celebration 15 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37216

My 'O' Level Punjabi examination paper - taken when I was at school. I got a 'B' - my teacher was not happy - I fluffed the oral exam !



Engraved Karas

A kara with the Chachri Chhant from Jaap Sahib in gold koftgaari


My 'budget' version in stainless steel

chachri cchant


opening slok from Sukhmani Sahib


Some more examples of Gurmukhi from 'our house'




To finish - or more correctly where it all begins - Gurmukhi Akhar, the 'penti' magnets on our fridge.(available from https://www.sikhlink.net/)

In order to tap into the treasure house of Gurbani - we all need to make an effort to learn to read Gurmukhi .


The photo essay ends here - get right clicking & saving and share the wealth - with everyone !! - I hope you enjoyed this mammoth post.

It is my little homage to Gurmukhi - and Jugo Jug Atal Sahib SatGuru Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee Maharaaj.

* Dhan Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji * Dhan Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji * Dhan Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji

Pyaar Naal,

Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh !!

Ranjit Singh Chohan (Freed)


* Picture Sources and References

Aadi Sri Guru Granth Sahib Steek. Faredkot Wala Teeka. Bhasha Vibhag Punjab. Patiala. 1989.

Arshi, P S. Sikh Architecture. I P H . New Delhi. 1986

Bharadia, Seema. The Arts of the Sikh Kingdoms. The Canadian Collections. ROM. Toronto 2000.

Daljeet, Dr. The Sikh Heritage. A Search for Totality. Prakash Books. New Delhi. 2004

Daljeet, Dr and Prof P. C Jain. Sri Harimandir Sahib. The Body Visible of the Invisible Supreme.Prakash Books. New Delhi. 2006

Deol, Jeevan Singh. Illustration and Illumination in Sikh Scriptual Manuscripts. Marg. Vol 54 No. 4 June 2003. Mumbai 2003

Goswamy, B. N. and Caron Smith. I See No Stranger. Early Sikh Art and Devotion. New Jersey. Mapin 2006

Goswami, Sandeep and Malkiat Singh. The Great Glory. Sikhism. Rupa. New Delhi 2006.

Hans, Surjit. B-40 Janamsakhi. GNDU Amritsar

Kalra, Surjit Singh. Punjabi Book II. Punjabi Language Development Board. Birmingham. 1984

Khalsa, SS Shanti Kaur.The History of the Sikh Dharma of the Western Hemisphere. Sikh Dharma. Espanola. 1995.

LaFont, Jean-Marie. Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Lord of the Five Rivers. Oxford . New Delhi. 2002

Madra, Amandeep Singh And Parmjit Singh. Warrior Saints. Three Centuries of the Sikh Military Tradition. I B Tauris London. 1999

Mann, Gurinder Singh.The Goindval Pothis. Harvard. Cambridge.Mass. 1996

Mann, Gurinder Singh. The Making of Sikh Scripture. Oxford. New York . 2001

McLeod, W.H. The Chaupa Singh Rahit Nama Univ. Otago Press. Dunedin NZ. 1987

Mitra, Swati. Walking with the Gurus. Historical Gurdwaras of Punjab. INTACH. Good Earth. New Delhi. 2004.

Paul, S. And Dheeraj Paul, Vijay N. Shankar and Ranvir Bhatnagar. The Golden Temple. A Gift to Humanity. R Bhatnagar. India. 2004.

Randhawa, T. S. The Sikhs. Images of a Heritage. Prakash.New Delhi. 2000.

Singh, Amrik and Sandeep Shankar. Sikh Shrines in Delhi. NIPS New Delhi. 2003

Singh, Ganda. Hukumname. Punjabi Univ. Patiala. 1999.

Singh, Gurbachan and Sondeep Shankar. The Sikhs. Faith, Philosophy & Folk. Tiger. Twickenham. 1998.

Singh, Giani Gurdit. Mundavani. Sahit. Chandigarh. 2003.

Singh, Prof. Jagdeesh. Nikkian Jindan Vadda Saka. SGPC Amritsar 1977

Singh, Prof. Jagdeesh. Saka Chamkaur. SGPC. Amritsar. 1979.

Singh, Khushwant and Raghu Rai. The Sikhs. Roli Books.New Delhi. 2001.

Singh, Sahib Giani Kirpal Singh. Sri Harimandir Sahib Da Sunehri Itihaas. Dharam Prachar Committee, SGPC. Amritsar. 1991

Singh, Mohinder and Sondeep Shankar. Maharaja Ranjit Singh. NIPS New Delhi. 2002

Singh, Mohinder and Sondeep Shankar. The Sikh Wedding. NIPS New Delhi.2004

Singh, Mohinder and Sondeep Shankar.Gurdwaras in India and Pakistan. NIPS New Delhi 2004

Singh, Pashaura. The Guru Granth Sahib. Canon, Meaning and Authority. Oxford. 2000

Singh, Patwant and Gurmeet Thukral. Gurdwaras in Indian and around the World. Himalayan Books. New Delhi. 1992

Singh, Patwant. The Golden Temple. ET. Hong Kong. 1989

Singh, Principal Satbir. Album Central Sikh Museum. SGPC Amritsar. 1991.

Virdee, Pippa. Coming to Coventry. Cov. PCT & The Herbert. Coventry. 2006.


Guru Nanak Sikh Museum. Leicester. UK. http://www.thesikhmuseum.com/home.htm

Western Sikh Students' Association http://www.westernssa.com/gallery/thumbnails.php?album=19

Sikh Heritage UK http://www.<banned site filter activated>

Flickr http://www.flickr.com/

If I have used your picture and not given you credit please post your details and I will give you a credit or remove the picture if you wish.

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Balle teray!!

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Here is a small update - 2 contrasting images of Gurmukhi.

The Chillianwala memorial - raised by the British to commemorate the Battle of Chillianwala, Second Sikh War, 13th January 1849. .

Note how both armies are described as 'Soorbeer' on the monument and the hope that God ensures their memory lives on.

Battle of Chillianwala

12,000 British and Bengalis with 66 guns against 35,000 Sikhs with 65 guns. Gough’s Army of the Punjab withdrew to its camp at Chilllianwalah, while the Sikhs fell back no further than the hills around Rasul. The battle was not won by either side, although it is said that the Sikh missed an opportunity to defeat the British outright.




And in total contrast ...... here is an ATM in South Riverdale Canada - I doubt ATMs in Punjab have instructions in Gurmukhi Lipi !




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Very kewl pics, and yes we all need to learn to read Gurmukhi to do Paat (not from transliteration)

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Guest Sat Siri Singh

khalsa ji,

where are all the pictures ???

this was one of the most beautiful sites in the whole net !!!

please, please bring them back !!!

cherdi kalaa

sat siri singh khalsa

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Guest Jacfsing2

khalsa ji,

where are all the pictures ???

this was one of the most beautiful sites in the whole net !!!

please, please bring them back !!!

cherdi kalaa

sat siri singh khalsa

it could be that the link from the images don't exist anymore, (either through low-funding or personal decisions).

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