Jump to content
Sign in to follow this  
Freed

A Celebration Of Gurmukhi.

Recommended Posts

ੴ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ॥

scan10075gq7.jpg

(From Fareedkot Teeka)

Blessed is the paper, blessed is the pen, blessed is the ink.

Blessed is the writer, O Nanak, who writes the True Name. ||1||

(Guru Nanak Sahib. Raag Malaar Ang 1291)

ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕਾ ਖ਼ਾਲਸਾ

ਵਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫਤਿਹ॥

This year sees the celebration of the 300 year Gurgaddi Divas of Sahib Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji Maharaaj, to mark the occasion I have put together an extended photo-essay.

This photo-essay is a celebration of Gurmukhi calligraphy and typography, it is my hope to show just a little of the rich and beautiful varieties of Gurmukhi calligraphy and typography.

The collection of images is fairly wide ranging and personal, I have tried to post the pictures in some semblance of a chronological order , but as I have said it is a very personal collection of images and examples that have moved me in someway.

The pictures are culled from a number of sources, some of these sources are highly contentious. The aim of the post is to celebrate Gurmukhi - I have avoided any critique, commentary or evaluation of the material. The traditions surrounding the particular 'Pothis' or 'Saroops' has not been challenged and a non judgemental approach is taken with regard to any issues about 'Authenticity'.

This post is a celebration - it is my hope that readers will take this on board and make any responses in that vein.

The post includes images from controversial groups and literature - as well as 'saroops' which include 'raagmala' and 'saroops' which do not, as well as 'saroops' which have 'non traditional' material.

It is not my aim to upset or cause controversy - I am in no way endorsing any particular viewpoint - infact all viewpoints will find much to bolster their own particular views - I have chosen not to comment and keep this post a 'Celebration' of the wealth, diversity and beauty of Gurmukhi in all it's forms, from the 'Nisans' and 'hukumnamey' of the Guru Sahiban to 'Saroops' of Guru Sahib, to everyday examples of 'Gurmukhi'.

I hope you all enjoy this extended photo-essay - I am very aware it is a huge collection, I have tried to prune it and edit it , even so it is still huge. I hope you will persevere to the end, your patience will be rewarded with a veritable feast of wonderful images.

********************************************

Traditionally two manuscripts lay claim to being the earliest Sikh manuscripts, these are in the possession of the family of Prithi Chand (eldest brother of Guru Arjan Dev ji) and the family of Baba Mohan, the son of Guru Amar Dass ji.

The Guru Harsahai Pothi

The Guru Harsahai Pothi was in the custody of the Sodhi Family, descendents of Prithi Chand, the eldest brother of Guru Arjan Dev ji, until it was lost in 1970.

The Sodhis claim it is the Pothi of Guru Nanak Sahib - scribed during their lifetime and given to Guru Angad Sahib as a signifier of the 'Gurgaddi'.

From a purely textual viewpoint Mann (2001) has argued that the script is of a very early type, the 'kanna' vowel sign is not present, and many 'Gurmukhi akhar' have not attained their standard form.

The 'Mangalcharan' of the Guru Harsahai Pothi - ' (Ek) Oankar Sachnam Kartaar' 'Baba Nanak' - the lack of the 'kanna' and the form of the letters suggest it is a very early manuscript.

gurunanakspothimedue8.jpg

The Guru Harsahai pothi

gurunanakspothiandmalacam8.jpg

The Goindval Pothis

The Goindval Pothis are in the custody of the Bhalla Family , descendents of Baba Mohan, son of Guru Amar Dass ji, hence they are also called the Mohan Pothis. Tradition says that these pothis were scribed during the Guruship of Guru Amar Dass by Sahansram, son of Baba Mohan. One pothi is in the custody of the Bhallas at Jalandhar and the other is with the Bhallas of Pinjore.

The Gurmukhi characters in these pothis, like those of the Guru Harsahai pothi are of an early type as are the vowel sound signs. If we look at the opening pages we see 'minakari' , decoration and illumination , also note how the pothis are bound 'portrait' book style, not in the classically Indian Pothi 'landscape' style.

In this image we can see the Gurmukhi characters as recorded in the Goindval pothis.

dsc03839hr6.jpg

The following images are from the Pothi at Jalandhar ;

The '//' (blessing) and date

dsc03840vr3.jpg

dsc03841tc4.jpg

Raag Suhi

dsc03842kh1.jpg

dsc03843ab5.jpg

Sample of the handwriting of the second scribe of the Jalandhar pothi

dsc03844vw9.jpg

dsc03845hl0.jpg

Images from the Pothi at Pinjore

Raag Raamkali

dsc03846jv7.jpg

Raag Sorath

dsc03847pc0.jpg

dsc03848pp0.jpg

Raag Sarang

dsc03849mw2.jpg

The Kartarpuri Birh

The Kartarpur Birh Manuscript is traditionally agreed to be the 'Pothi Sahib' scribed by Bhai Gurdas as Guru Arjan Dev ji dictated. The birh is in the custody of the Sodhis of Kartarpur , descendants of Dhirmal, the great grandson of Guru Arjan Dev ji.The descendents of Dhirmal and those of Prithi Chand are part of the 'Panj Mel' known as 'Minas' ('scoundrels') groups ostracized by Sikh Sangat, as enshrined in 18th century Rehatnamey, because of their contention that they constituted a separate 'Guru' lineage. It is for all these reasons (and many other reasons) that much intense debate, arguement and disagreement has surrounded this birh.

As I have said we are celebrating Gurmukhi - so will look at this aspect. The Kartarpuri Birh shows how Gurmukhi was standardized by Guru Sahib - the elements, early character forms and vowel sounds such as the lack of the use of a 'kanna' or the use of a 'bindi' in it's place, that can be found in the Goindval and Har Sahai pothis, have become more familiar and standardised in this birh.

dsc03927bz7.jpg

dsc03928sr0.jpg

dsc03919gr1.jpg

dsc03918qs0.jpg

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Nishans and Hukumnamey

Here we have examples of the handwriting of the Guru Sahiban (many of these were lost in the army attack on Amritsar in 1984)

The nishan of Guru Arjan Dev ji from the Kartapuri Birh

dsc03928sr0.jpg

Penti Akhari - Gurmukhi alphabet in the hand of Guru Arjan Dev ji

dsc03954rc0.jpg

The Nishan of Guru Hargobind Sahib in a pothi in the Central Sikh Museum

dsc03888xn1.jpg

dsc03890eq0.jpg

The Nishan of Guru Har Rai Sahib - from a saroop of Guru Sahib at the Ram Rai Darbar , Dehra Dun

dsc03828ew7.jpg

A hukumnama sent by Guru Har Krishan ji to the Sangat of Pattann (Fareed ke)

dsc03829fj6.jpg

text of hukumnama

dsc04021sx0.jpg

The Nishan of Guru Tegh Bahader Sahib from a Saroop in the Patiala Archives

dsc03960nf0.jpg

The Nishan of Guru Tegh Bahader Sahib from a Saroop of Guru Sahib in the Reference Library Amritsar

dsc03850dy3.jpg

a 'Hukum Khaas Furman' from Guru Tegh Bahader Sahib to the Sangat of Patna - thanking them for their assistance at the birth of Guru Gobind Singh ji.

dsc03929ej8.jpg

text;

dsc04023ec3.jpg

Hukumnama from Guru Tegh Bahadar Sahib to the Sangat of Mirzapur

dsc03830ru2.jpg

text;

dsc04022sf4.jpg

Here is a very interesting Hukumnama sent by Guru Tegh Bahadar Sahib - to the Sangat of Pattann - it is interesting for two reasons first is the line "Sarbat Sangat Divali no darshan aavana" - confirming the tradition of seeking Darshan at Divali and the second extremely interesting reason is Guru Sahib's use of the term "Khalsa" in the line "Pattann di Sangat Sri Guru Ji da Khalsa he"

india2008001zn2.jpg

text;

india2008002jp7.jpg

Hukumnama from Guru Gobind Singh ji to the Sangat of Banaras

dsc03832qi5.jpg

text;

dsc04026oz9.jpg

  • Like 2

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Continued from Celebration 1 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37202

Hukumnama from Guru Gobind Singh ji to Bhai Triloka and Bhai Rama from the fanily of Phul - also known as the Patiala Hukumnama - includes the line 'Tera ghar mera assey' - later used as the 'Motto' on the crest of the Patiala Maharajas

dsc012032yt3.jpg

dsc01204hg7.jpg

dsc01206uu1.jpg

dsc01207rn9.jpg

text;

dsc04036fy4.jpg

Nishan of Guru Gobind Singh Ji - from an illuminated folio of Sri Aad Granth Sahib, Patna

dsc03908pk5.jpg

Nishan of Guru Gobind Singh - from a gutka in the possession of the Bagrian Family

dsc03937ow6.jpg

Hukumnamey of Mata Sahib Devan

dsc03834ss9.jpg

text;

dsc04028ul1.jpg

dsc03835dj5.jpg

text;

dsc04029dy3.jpg

Hukumnama from Banda Bahadar to Bhai Dharam Singh & Param Singh of Village Bhai Rupa - includes the line "Panj Hathiyaar badh aavana" and his 'Stamp' or 'mohur' - 'Degho Tegho Futteh u Nusrat be dirang Yaafat az Nanak Guru Gobind Singh' in Persian - Also noteworthy , though it is not very clear, is that the Hukum begins with 'Ek Onkar Fateh Darshan' - The Bandai Greeting.

dsc03956vr2.jpg

dsc03957kr8.jpg

In this hukumnama from Banda Bahada the 'mohur' is clearer, as is the 'Fateh Darshan' greeting - Also note the interesting injunctions in the 'Rehat'

dsc03833kq2.jpg

text;

dsc04027ke2.jpg

Hukumnama from Mata Sundari to Bhai Rame village Bhai Rupa

dsc03968ap4.jpg

Continued in Celebration 3 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37204

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Continued from Celebration 2 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37203

Puratan saroops of Sri Guru Granth Sahib

The British Library Saroop of Aad Granth Sahib - a very early manuscript illuminated in a characteristic Persian style. This manuscript dates in part from the middle of the 17th century (c.1660-75), and is therefore one of the twenty oldest known copies in existence. It was purchased by the British Museum in 1884 from the Reverend A Fischer, who had been the principal of a missionary school in Amritsar, Panjab.

033ori000002748u00031v0kg1.jpg

34768247fp346nu3284233whw5.jpg

This saroop of Sri Aad Granth Sahib is in a private North American collection - it is dated 1673 CE , though this has not been corroborated. The Birh contains the Nishan of Guru Tegh Bahadar Sahib - the calligraphy is beautifully crisp, clear and easy to read.

adigranth1673ad015lk3.jpg

adigranth1673ad014ff6.jpg

adigranth1673ad004pp2.jpg

adigranth1673ad006dq4.jpg

The Baba Ala Singh Burj 'Khas Birh' - it includes the nishan of Dasmesh Pita - the pictures shows the closing 'ang'.

dsc03851uo5.jpg

This Birh of Sri Dasm Granth is said to have been scribed by Bhai Daya Singh Ji ( the first Panj Piara) - it is housed at the Aurangabad Gurdwara in Maharashtra

dasmgaurangabad1cl8.jpg

dasmgaurangabad2at5.jpg

This Saroop of the Damdami Birh was scribed by Baba Deep Singh Ji - it is housed at Gurdwara Chhevin Padshahi, Dist. Jalandhar.

gurdwarachhevinpadshahidw5.jpg

Hazoor Sahib birhs -

This birh has illustrations of the Guru Sahiban

nandedsggsgm4.jpg

hazursahibtn9.jpg

hajursahib3xz0.jpg

hajursahib2bp5.jpg

'Barhe Baba ji'

dsc03859zf1.jpg

It is said this bir was scribed by Bhai Mani Singh

birofgurugranthsahibhanrz7.jpg

gurugsnw0.jpg

Continued in celebration 4 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37205

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Continued fro celebration 3 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37204

Dasm Granth Birh

dasamgranthwo4.jpg

dasamgranth2nt7.jpg

A Saroop of Sri Guru Granth Sahib dated CE 1795 from the Collection of the Guru Nanak Museum Leicester

sikhscripturesdated1795ht0.jpg

The Patiala 'Sunehri Birh' , the closing angs of this birh .

dsc03853pm7.jpg

dsc03854fz5.jpg

A 'birh' scribed in Kartarpur in 1799 (CE 1742)

dsc03852va9.jpg

Patna Sahib Birh - the calligraphy is exceptional - the picture shows a note by the scribe saying the birh has been copied and checked against the Aad Granth birh scribed by Bhai Gurdas ji.

dsc03855qk8.jpg

The Wonderful calligraphy of a Patna Sahib birh - the flowing vowel signs and perfectly formed gurmukhi 'akhar' are hypnotic.

dsc03860zc7.jpg

The 'tatkare' - 'contents page' of a birh in the possesion of the family of the Late Dr Chanan Singh Chan of Coventry UK. The birh is dated 1749 (CE 1692) - If you look at the top line you will see, after the mangalcharan, the line 'Sri Guru Granth Sahib' - this is extremely rare as such a description is not found in most 'hath likht' saroops

dsc03857ey0.jpg

Puratan Saroops from the collection of Baba Sarabjot Singh Bedi in Una.

dsc03901xb8.jpg

dsc03900za0.jpg

dsc03897pr6.jpg

dsc03898il4.jpg

Spectacular calligraphy of a Puratan Saroop housed at the Sri Guru Singh Sabha, Hounslow. UK

adigranthhounslowsgssva4.jpg

Illuminated saroops decorated in Kashmiri Style

From the collection of the Punjabi University Patiala - dated circa 1820

dsc03910rd8.jpg

dsc03911hq2.jpg

From the collection of Sikh Dharma Espanola USA

dsc03896du0.jpg

From the collection of the British Library dated circa 1859

dsc03909ce0.jpg

From the Sikh Reference Library Amritsar

sggsp1reflibqk0.jpg

2296658822c98f3170d2ovf7.jpg

Continued in celebration 5 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37206

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Continued from Celebration 4 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37205

Decorated Dasm Granth From the collection of the British Library

033ori000006298u0001000aa2.jpg

The decorated Saroops are from the Collection of the National Museum , New Delhi.

dsc03958wl0.jpg

dsc03962ar1.jpg

dsc03963ny7.jpg

dsc03964om5.jpg

dsc03965ho7.jpg

When examining puratan saroops it is difficult to ascertain dates and build up any information about the scribes, the lack of provenance means their study is a very difficult task. One Saroop which has received much attention is housed in the collection of the National Museum , New Delhi. Not only is the patron of the Saroop known the scribes and dates are also known as they are part of the manuscript. This Saroop is a profusely decorated copy of the Damdami Birh - lavishly illuminated in Kashmiri style. The saroop was commissioned by Sodhi Bhan Singh of Haranpur (district Jhelum) between 1839 and 1843, it was produced by Kashmiri artist Miha Singh and the scribe Misar Prakas. Bhan Singh was a Sodhi decendent of Prithi Chand (boycotted as 'Minas') some have argued the production of this birh was an attempt to show the real or imagined postion of Bhan Singh - he is shown at the centre of many illustrations, in one he is worshipping Mahakaal and in another performing a 'Havan' . The Sodhis regained some standing and prestige during the time of Maharaja Ranjit Singh - it is thought this birh was intended to be presented to Ranjit Singh - the birh is of a very large format - intended to be on 'display'.

The birh also has a number of very interesting elements - Indic deities such as the incarnations of Vishnu are shown in 'dvadashakamalas' - twelve petalled lotuses, perhaps the most striking element is the 'Onkaars' that head the 'raag' sections and the 'tatkara' - they are composite illustrations showing Devi, Brahma, Vishnu and Lakhsmi - sometimes the 'Oankaars' are flanked by Ganesh and Hanuman. The 'Formless' made from Indic deities.

One image stands out for me above all others, that is the illustration on the 'Tatkara' - the contents page. Here we see the tradition of Bhai Banno, it is said that when Guru Arjan Sahib finished dictating the Aad Granth to Bhai Gurdas the scribe , he sent Bhai Banno to Lahore to have the Pothi bound. Bhai Banno made a copy of the pothi which he also had bound. He presented both the volumes to Guru Sahib. In the illustration from this birh we can see Bhai Banno and Bhai Gurdas standing by their respective 'birhs' and Guru Arjan Dev Ji is pointing to the birh scribed by Bhai Gurdas as the accepted birh.

There is another tradition which claims that Guru Sahib accepted both 'birhs' - terming Bhai Banno's birh the 'Khari Birh' - this tradition claims that Guru Sahib had wanted there to be only one birh - which Sangat would seek out and gain 'Mukti' - but as Bhai Banno had created a copy - this would start a tradition where copies would be available to all and all who sought their darshan would gain 'mukhti'.

I will leave it to the reader to make their own minds with regard to the reasons the illustrations of deities and other subjects are present in this 'birh' - here are some illustrations;

Contents page and Bhai Banno Illustration and the 'First Oankaar'

dsc03940yu3.jpg

dsc03941lr7.jpg

dsc03942iq5.jpg

dsc03939eu4.jpg

dsc03938al1.jpg

dsc03959bg3.jpg

The images of the Guru Sahiban and Indic Deities and Heroes - surrounding Bhan Singh worshipping Mahakaal

dsc04011cz4.jpg

dsc04012pp5.jpg

dsc04013tp1.jpg

dsc04014bo3.jpg

dsc03920as8.jpg

Continued in celebration 6 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37207

  • Like 2

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Continued from Celebration 5 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37206

Japji Sahib

dsc04015qu3.jpg

dsc04018fq7.jpg

dsc04020xy9.jpg

dsc04019ot4.jpg

Havan

dsc03879jz9.jpg

Raag Raagnis

dsc04016nq9.jpg

dsc04017jb2.jpg

adigurudurbarbj0.jpg

Janamsakhis

The B-40 Janamsakhi - dated 1733

Baba Nanak speaks to Shah Rukn-ud-Din of God - in thirty verses of 'Koranic pattern' expounding Sikhi

dsc03932dw7.jpg

Baba Nanak , Guru Angad and Mardana

dsc03933ne6.jpg

episodes from the life of Guru Nanak

dsc03924oi7.jpg

dsc03923ks1.jpg

dsc03922hd6.jpg

dsc03926ng2.jpg

Janam sakhi from 1777

dsc03892mv9.jpg

dsc03891uv6.jpg

Bhai Bala Janamsakhi early 19th century - Punjab State archives

dsc03905ax9.jpg

A lavishly illustrated Janamsakhi in the archives of Sikh Dharma Espanola USA

dsc03895ga1.jpg

The Janam Sakhies of Bhagat Kabeer Ji and other Bhagats - from the Guru Nanak Museum Leicester UK.

sakhiesaboutkabirjiandobh2.jpg

Continued in Celebration 7 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37208

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Continued from celebration 6 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37207

Janam sakhies from the National Museum New Delhi

dsc03980yv6.jpg

dsc03969om6.jpg

dsc03970ru7.jpg

dsc03971kc7.jpg

dsc03972ko7.jpg

Janam sakhi from the Sikh Reference Library Amritsar.

11289319529a9da9b021brj4.jpg

Hath Likht Granths

18th century Sri Sarbloh Granth Sahib

srisarblohgranth18thcenbr8.jpg

Prem Sumarg Granth

dsc03821th9.jpg

Hanuman Natak

hanuman20natak202vy5.jpg

hanuman20natak203bh9.jpg

Yog Vashishat (Nirban Prakaran)

yogvashishatnirbanprakazk6.jpg

Asv Medth Granth (Vedic Philosphies)

asvmedthgranthvedicphiljr0.jpg

Waphae Dil Jawahar Panjabi Translation of a Persian Granth on Medicine by Hakime Misari Maharaja Sansar Chand

waphaediljawaharpanjabift3.jpg

Hakim Balwinder Singh - a village doctor who uses ancient prescriptions of Unami and Ayurvedic medicines

dsc03899ci4.jpg

Continued in Celebration 8 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37209

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Continued from celebration 7 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37208

The decorated 'Kavach' or Char Aina armour of Guru Gobind Singh Ji - in the possession of the Royal House of Patiala

dsc03824er2.jpg

dsc03825hs4.jpg

dsc03866dy4.jpg

dsc03867tm8.jpg

dsc03868wy6.jpg

dsc03869jm2.jpg

A decorated Chakar

dsc03817gf4.jpg

Sikh Raaj

Gutka of Rani Jindan

The exquisite Gutka of Rani Jindan - in the collection of the British Library - Sri Sukhmani Sahib in gorgeous calligraphy, white letters on a black background with gold decoration

dsc03907da5.jpg

The Seal Ring of Maharaja Ranjit Singh - carved emerald set in gold - reads " Akaal Sahai Ranjit Singh 1869 "(CE 1812) - in reverse as it would be used as seal.

copyofdsc03982sg3.jpg

reverse;

dsc03982reverseip9.jpg

I recently had the incredible good fortune to acquire some hand written Gutkas - the gutkas include a large amount of Gurbani all arranged by Raag and include Bhagat Bani - The calligraphy is so beautiful.

dsc03988ns2.jpg

dsc03989xv8.jpg

dsc03990xl8.jpg

dsc03991eu6.jpg

dsc03767bu0.jpg

dsc03768fp2.jpg

dsc03769xq5.jpg

Continued in Celebration 9 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37210

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Continued from Celebration 8 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37209

A document dated 1934 (CE 1877) bearing the Mohur of Sri Takht Sahib Akaal Bunga - giving the authorized method of preparing "Amrit" and giving rehat.

dsc00792gz6.jpg

dsc00794yh9.jpg

dsc00795mr5.jpg

dsc00796gx0.jpg

dsc00797jg6.jpg

The Large Birh - Sri Amritsar - scribed by Bhai Pratap Singh (completed in CE 1908)

dsc03822nw4.jpg

dsc03978kd1.jpg

gurugranthsahibbybhaiprqb8.jpg

Tiny manuscripts

A small Chaupai Sahib gutka

minchaupaiyw2.jpg

A tiny Gurmukhi manuscript in the Field Museum Chicago USA

fieldmuseumchicagobx8.jpg

fieldmuseumchicago1mm8.jpg

Continued in celebration 10 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37211

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Continued from Celebration 9 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37210

Frescoes, Inscriptions, & Darvaaze.

Mural from the walls of the Ram Rai Darbar, Dehra Dun (Murals date from the 17th to the 19th century) - depicting Guru Nanak and Bhai Mardana - note the Gurmukhi Script and the depiction of the instruments

ramraixo8.jpg

Mural from the 'Akhara' of Bala Nand, Amritsar

dsc03946vw8.jpg

The Murals from Gurdwara Baba Atal Rai Sahib - the 'later' style of Gurmukhi calligraphy was a factor in helping to date these murals

dsc03947rn4.jpg

Inscriptions on the Gold panels of Sri Darbar Sahib. Amritsar ;

Above the main western door ;

279613985be3eca9275one2.jpg

The northern door

harmandirsidedoor5kyfs4.jpg

The southern door

34768545fp339nu3284233wmg0.jpg

The original panel in storage

dsc03904qa2.jpg

The opening slok from Sri Sukhmani Sahib - Darshani Deori

259374267f2817ef66foxr7.jpg

Darshani Deori - ਸਿਰ ਮਸ੍ਤਕ ਰਖ੍ਯ੍ਯਾ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੰ ਹਸ੍ਤ ਕਾਯਾ ਰਖ੍ਯ੍ਯਾ ਪਰਮੇਸ੍ਵਰਹ ॥ Guru Arjan Sahib ang 1358

dsc04008cn5.jpg

reliefax8.jpg

The 'Dhup Ghari' - Sundial, next to the fifth lamp post of the northern side of the causeway that leads to Darbar Sahib - built by Sardar Lehna Singh Majithie in CE 1852

34776789fp347nu3284233wto4.jpg

Window on the first floor of Sri Darbar Sahib

windowasr6lzyf4.jpg

Walls of the First floor

dsc03975rj0.jpg

dsc03976ra5.jpg

dsc03977jz8.jpg

naqqsh work - "ਬਹੁ ਸਾਸਤ੍ਰ ਬਹੁ ਸਿਮ੍ਰਿਤੀ ਪੇਖੇ ਸਰਬ ਢਢੋਲਿ ॥ ਪੂਜਸਿ ਨਾਹੀ ਹਰਿ ਹਰੇ ਨਾਨਕ ਨਾਮ ਅਮੋਲ ॥" Mahalla 5 ang 265

dsc03961ef6.jpg

Panel from the Gold Doors of Sri Darbar Sahib - Showing Guru Ram Das Sahib - excavating the Sarovaar - and the 'Dithey Sabhe Thaav' Shabad

dsc03950sx8.jpg

dsc03951fk6.jpg

The Memorial erected by The 35th Sikhs battalion in 1894

"Eh chakar paltan number 35 Sikh ne tareek 16 (?) April 1894 mutaabak 5 Vasaakh san 1952 Nu Siri Darbar Sahib Amritsar da darshan karan di ar Ishnaan karan di yaadgar vich Ardass karaiya "

indi8fb8.jpg

Saragarhi Memorial

295indiapunjab2008ja2.jpg

Continued in celebration 11 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37212

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Continued from celebration 10 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37211

Sahib Sri Guru Granth Sahib - Aj da Furman - Mukh Vaak

mukhvaakcx1.jpg

362595242e9193e4ecdoqw5.jpg

memorials on the marble

002189462kh4.jpg

dsc03952xr6.jpg

Inscription at Mukhtsar Sahib

dsc00752eb6.jpg

Inscription on the Palki /Canopy above Guru Sahib in Darbar Sahib, Dera Baba Nanak - shabad from raag Bilaval M1 ang 795 " ਭਗਤਿ ਹੀਣੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਜੇ ਹੋਇਗਾ ਤਾ ਖਸਮੈ ਨਾਉ ਨ ਜਾਈ"

dsc03861lk8.jpg

Inlay work from Sri Hazoor Sahib

10282056006aa0d7cd4ng0.jpg

Mukh Vaak Sri Hazoor Sahib - Guru Granth Sahib and Sri Dasm Granth Sahib

india2008096yo7.jpg

The Darwaza - door to the room that houses the shastar of Guru Gobind Singh at Takht Kesgarh Sahib

2253763678aaac98bd16opn7.jpg

Door at Harian Velan Gurdwara (Hoshiaarpur)

18128143277834ddb10ebqn9.jpg

Main Darwaza Panja Sahib (Pakistan)

1638264212ad3454c03aocy8.jpg

Foundation stone Panja Sahib

2239153213fdf6ba2070ovv4.jpg

Panja Sahib

4952917gz5.jpg

Multi Lingual Road Sign showing way to Kartarpur Sahib Pakistan

4684112155c497d8989osx5.jpg

Door panel from Janam Asthan Nankana Sahib - Sacha Sauda - 'Nanak Ke Ghar Keval Naam'

2476046668279e3bc11dbju0.jpg

continued in celebration 12

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Continued from celebration 11 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37212

These next images are distressing pictures of Gurdwaras in Pakistan , abandoned since partition.

This wonderful early 19th century Gurdwara was built by Baba Nath Singh - in Sialkot, to commemorate the Stay of Guru Nanak . Note how the Marble Slabs have been covered in Koranic verses .

babanathasinghbuiltthissg7.jpg

2152960767f6941682d2oru7.jpg

convertedgdwarafa9.jpg

A particularly upsetting picture of a Gurdwara in Abottabad - the abandoned 'sukhasan asthan' full of debris particularly so.

abbottabadfq1.jpg

2402078104b6dc50e7aapo2.jpg

Gurdwara Shahid Ganj - Lahore in around 1949

hu009237wj5.jpg

Singh Sabha, ManSehra - now a library but still bears it's Gurmukhi name plate

10004735682d0ede4d3fbjp9.jpg

The arrival of the British in India saw the development of the Punjabi printing press - as early as 1808 Prof. William Carey had developed Gurmukhi printing characters and published a Punjabi Grammar in 1812. With the spread of Christian missionaries in Punjab,after the Fall of the Sikh Empire, the New Testament was translated and printed in Gurmukhi letters and dictionaries were produced.

Gurmukhi Printing akhar produced by Carey

pan7tl0.jpg

The 'father' of Gurmukhi printing is seen as Dhani Ram Chatrik - a famous Punjabi poet - he was the first to print saroops of Sri Guru Granth Sahib at his Sudarshan Printing Press.

Initially Saroops of Guru Sahib were lithographed - 'stone printed' or 'pathar chhaap' and gradually were printed using characters made from metal.

Lithographed Saroops and other literature

Lithographed saroop from the collection of the British Library - published by Matbai Aftaab Press in 1868 at Lahore

dsc03906dl4.jpg

sggsrestoredbritlibca2.jpg

from the collection of the Guru Nanak Museum, Leicester. UK

stoneprintingqk4.jpg

A lithographed copy of Giani Gian Singh's 'Twareek Guru Khalsa'

gianigianstwarikgurukhaio3.jpg

Vichar Sagar

22vichaarsagarmp9.jpg

A printed Gur Partap Suraj Granth

21surajprakaashgrantheq1.jpg

Printed saroops

A Miniature saroop

80997487105f6d0cbdabqu7.jpg

233754479044952f6645oqt3.jpg

20589093050b54ed3487bqe1.jpg

Sri Dasm Granth Sahib

2324638270a8195f981cbom8.jpg

continued in celebration 13 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37214

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Continued from Celebration 12 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37213

Modern Hath Likht Saroops

Gurmeet Singh

44089046sikh220afpxi4.jpg

libronp2.jpg

Beautiful pictures of Keertani Master Niranjan Singh performing the sewa of writing a saroop of Guru Sahib.

5536767037ebf0e7d94oyo1.jpg

553677097b5ae14951eohf2.jpg

Hath Likht Saroop

21138477990eee1af859ojh4.jpg

2113843861639bc3ef2bocg8.jpg

Chaupa Singh Rahit Nama

The first page of a handwritten copy of the 18th century manuscript of the Bhai Chaupa Singh Rahit Nama - that was, up until the 1984 attack, in the Sikh Reference Library Amritsar.

The exceptionally clear handwriting is that of W H Mcleod.

dsc03827go5.jpg

Laridaar Gutka - printed by the Satnam Trust, Canada

dsc03993qf4.jpg

dsc03994pg4.jpg

dsc03992tc2.jpg

Some unusual Gurmukhi typefaces

dsc03884bd1.jpg

dsc03885dq3.jpg

dsc03887qb8.jpg

dsc03886co0.jpg

Continued in Celebration 14 http://www.sikhsangat.com/index.php?showtopic=37215

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Guest
You are commenting as a guest. If you have an account, please sign in.
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoticons maximum are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

Loading...
Sign in to follow this  

  • Topics

  • Posts

    • ek mittee kee moortiyaan banaane vaala (kumhaar) eeshvar se kahata hai....._ ⚘_"he prabhu too bhee ek kalaakaar hai aur main bhee ek kalaakaar hoon,_ ⚘_toone mujh jaise asankhy putale banaakar is dharatee par bheje hain,_ ⚘_aur mainne tere asankhy putale bana kar is gharatee par beche hain._ ⚘_par eeshvar us samay badee sharm aatee hai, jab tere banaaye hue putale aapas mein ladate hain_, ⚘_aur mere banaaye hue putalon ke saamane log sheesh jhukaate hain"_.. 🙏🙏 *dhyaan se padhe kitana bada sach hai.*
    • Guest Haridas
      by this reasoning no country exists in the world, or ever existed.  you idea of 'until 1947' is plainly absurd. The word 'Indus' may be of Grecian origin, but it was 1) probably based on an indian word 2)the greeks were intelligent people, i think they knew how to delineate between one country and another. if it never existed, how did Greeks and Arabs manage to refer to it in their texts?
    • Guest Haridas
      hi sorry i wrote the above message, i put your username instead of mine as the name by mistake
    • Guest gupt
      are you on medication also?  this could be a reason. (naturally I would encourage you not to drink, especially more so if it is having this effect)
    • I don't think bana is necessary. When I went to my amrit sanchar, I was the only person wearing a bana excluding the panj pyare, the rest wore kurta pajama. They will ask you to take off your pajama though.  
×